In some instances, specific characteristics of a spot might require more tests to make sure skin cancer is not causing the spot. From prescriptions for a topical cream to in-office procedures, the following is a quick download on the best options. 9 Dark Spot Treatments That Really Work, According to Dermatologists 1. Dark spots on the skin are not a cause for concern and do not need treatment, though people may choose to remove them for cosmetic reasons. Although studies were limited, the researchers said that these natural treatments showed promise in lightening hyperpigmentation. Dermatologists explain the new devices and methods that allow them to use lasers for dark skin hair removal, for dark skin hyperpigmentation, and more. During a physical exam, the healthcare professional might perform a Wood’s lamp skin exam, where they view the spots through a special device that emits black light. Mix the lemon juice and water. Studies show that aloin and the leaf extract of the plant have skin-lightening properties. Melasma is a skin condition that leads to small patches of skin discoloration. This treatment promotes new collagen growth, which may help reduce spots. Unlike lasers, the IPL … The most common laser to treat dark spots on the skin uses an... Microdermabrasion. There are, however, a few things people can do to decrease the chances of dark spots and prevent them from getting darker: In most cases, dark spots on the skin are not harmful. Deep color changes often appear blue or gray, though a spot may also be a much darker brown than a person’s natural skin color. Urban Skin Rx Retinol Rapid Repair & Dark Spot Treatment $25 This formula is packed with retinol, kojic acid, and niacinamide, and works as an all-over brightening serum or spot treatment. One option is hydroquinone, a prescription topical cream that slows down the pigment-making processes in the skin, Tanzi says. Despite what you may have heard, pigment on the body doesn't require special treatment. In some cases, unproven treatments may aggravate the skin. The juice extracted from potatoes acts as an effective skin brightening agent. Cryotherapy is a procedure that involves applying liquid nitrogen to the dark patches to freeze them, which injures the skin cells. It typically works gradually and takes several months to decrease the appearance of dark spots. There are several different causes of dark spots, as we describe here: Also called sunspots, solar lentigines, or liver spots, people can develop dark spots on their skin after being exposed to the sun or tanning beds. The only thing worse than having a major pimple (or acne) is the long-term scarring that follows. Learn about the common causes of blisters and how to prevent and treat them. They are very common and not at all harmful. For example, the American Society for Dermatological Surgery do not recommend lemon juice or abrasive scrubs, as these methods could make dark spots worse. Skin type with greater melanin content is more prone to dark spots than other skin types due to the ability to trap the strong sun rays. When looking for a skin-lightening cream, always choose one recommended by a dermatologist, as some products can be harmful. If a person wants to get rid of dark spots, they can try a range of treatments, including working with a dermatologist for cosmetic procedures or using over-the-counter products. And the approach is different for every patient; the exact protocol your doctor chooses to follow will ultimately depend on your skin's tone and degree of sensitivity, the particular kind of pigment you're battling, and your cash flow (as lasers carry heftier price tags than peels). Related: Fight & Prevent Wrinkles, Dryness, Dark Spots With Bioenergy Cream. For more diffuse dappling — which still springs from sun exposure, but looks more stippled than stamped-on like singular UV spots — dermatologists typically treat the whole face with a non-ablative fractional device, which causes the skin to jettison dull, speckled cells over a number of days while ramping up radiance and collagen growth in the process. Now that we've let you in on that little secret — sparing you, we hope, from future frustrations and failed products — here are a few more fascinating truths to guide you to enlightenment. A chemical peel involves applying a solution to the skin, which exfoliates the surface, leading to new skin growth. Skin actually "knows" when it's getting sun. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, hormones may trigger melasma. Injectable skin lightening products are available, but the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) do not recommend them. Dark spots can be very hard to beat, and for those with darker skin tones, a treatment plan must be approached carefully or matters can get even worse. They are usually harmless and do not need treatment. You’ll want to apply sunscreen to all skin that clothing won’t cover. These may fade with time. Hydroquinone, which is the active ingredient in the creams, prevents the skin from producing melanin. Laser treatments used to be painful, but doctors and dermatologists have found ways to minimize the feeling during laser treatments. "It should be applied to any hyperpigmented spots … Even stains that appear to be individual, isolated spots are often more widespread below the skin's surface — the full scope of their pigment not yet visible to the naked eye — so it's wise to treat the entire face. Lemon; Lemon, known as a natural bleacher is excellent at removing the dark spots. Apply aloe vera juice or natural aloe vera gel directly to the dark spots for 30 minutes in the morning and evening. The laser head (about the size of a postage stamp) emits light that’s absorbed by dark skin cells. Learn about 100 years of acne treatments: You can follow Allure on Instagram and Twitter, or subscribe to our newsletter to stay up to date on all things beauty. The 5 Top Face Laser Treatments and How They Can Help Your Skin. Applying these can cause pimples, rashes, and fragile skin over time. Aloin is an active compound of the aloe vera plant. Make sure to use a strong exfoliating product but do not over scrub. "This phenomenon of the skin seeing blue light and it, in turn, causing hyperpigmentation, is strongly associated with darker skin types specifically," notes Williams. Effective treatment begins with sunscreen Whether you’re treating the dark spots on your own or seeing a dermatologist, sunscreen is essential. To revisit this article, select My⁠ ⁠Account, then View saved stories. Dark spots caused by pimples may occur where the skin is thin and delicate, such as the face and neck. These tiny, near invisible dots contain the trifecta of dark spot-lightening ingredients: niacinamide, vitamin C and tranexamic acid. Cosmetic skin or hair products can irritate the skin, causing dark patches to form. Yes, serums, peels, and creams can help tremendously — but especially after dermatologistss make a dent in the problem by lifting and lightening the unwanted hyperpigmentation with professional-strength chemical peels and carefully calibrated lasers. The most common laser to treat dark spots on the skin uses an intense pulse light laser. But do you want to know the absolute right-hand-on-the-beauty-bible truth? Deeper coloration can take years to fade. Over-the-counter skin creams to lighten skin are not as strong as prescription medications, but they may also work. All rights reserved. Then the dead skin cells move to the top of your skin and flake off. However, there’s a big difference between at-home removal and dermatologist removal. Results of a small-scale 2017 study suggest that applying an aloe vera gel to the skin could help reduce melasma during pregnancy after 5 weeks. The color of dark spots may depend on the tone of a person’s skin. A more invasive option for lightening dark spots is laser treatment. What To Do: You will need a teaspoon of lemon juice, water, and cotton swabs. People who are unsure what a dark spot is or have not been able to get rid of it can see a doctor to find out more. Laser treatments for dark spots are relatively painless and quick now that there are more advanced procedures. When it comes to dark spot treatments, hydroquinone has been the … Areas of the body that receive the most sun exposure, such as the face, hands, or arms, are most likely to develop sun spots. Done reading? Linder likes retinol serums for their ability to coax fresh, healthy skin to the surface while working to disperse melanin granules within the skin to break up dark spots, she says. A doctor or dermatologist can often work out the cause of dark spots on the skin by examining them and taking a medical history. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement (updated as of 1/1/21) and Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement (updated as of 1/1/21) and Your California Privacy Rights. Home Remedies to Treat Dark Spots. It may take a while to see a difference, but treatment often lightens the spots. A chafing rash occurs when the skin rubs against clothing or other skin for a prolonged period. Dark spots on the skin, or hyperpigmentation, can have a range of causes. Dark spots on the skin, or hyperpigmentation, occur when some areas of the skin produce more melanin than usual. Dermatologists not only tailor their approach to your spot, but they have access to a stronger freezing product. A dermatologist can offer creams or procedures to lighten dark spots, or in some cases, remove them. Swipe a glycolic-acid peel pad, like Bliss Incredi-Peel Pads, over your skin once or twice a week to boost luminosity and help fade surface spots. While distracting spots and muddy patches may not be doing your selfie-esteem any favors — they absorb light, you've probably noticed, muting skin's sparkle — they're actually born of good intentions. Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. when it tends to be strongest. Lump on chest: Causes based on location and diagnosis, skin conditions, such as acne, eczema, or psoriasis. Although cosmetics do not lighten dark spots, they might cover them up. What causes itchy bumps filled with clear liquid? These at-home treatments are used to reduce dark spots by men and women all over the world.Choose the right ingredients based on your skin type. © 2020 Condé Nast. Hyperpigmentation has to be one of the most challenging issues to resolve on your own. Dark spots on the skin do not require treatment, but some people may want to remove the spots for cosmetic reasons. Some skin lightening products can do more harm than good. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for [ERHA] Dermatologist Acne Prone Damage Pimples Dark Spots Skin Treatment Series at the best online prices at … Because prevention is better than cure, you have to: Use a daily lotion that prevents the buildup of dead skin and help soften your skin like a glycolic 10% (alpha hydroxy), beta hydroxy, or Amlactin. Dark spots also vary in size and can develop on any part of the body but are most common in areas often exposed to the sun. Treatment will usually be the same for most areas of the body and face. For dense, less-obvious sunspots, on the other hand, lasers are magic. Ad Choices, A Dermatologist's Guide to In-Office Hyperpigmentation Treatments. Regular use over several weeks or months may be necessary to produce noticeable results.If you opt for an over-the-counter (nonprescription) fade cream, choose one that contains hydroquinone, glycolic acid or kojic acid. "Hydroquinone … People may wish to keep in mind that many of the home remedies that webpages recommend may have side effects or no evidence of effectiveness. Some are benign while others are more serious. Learn more about chafing rash and how to treat and…. It may gradually fade dark spots on the skin. Treat dark spots on the face with this serum from dermatologist go-to brand Skinceuticals, a winner of the GH Beauty Lab's anti-aging serum test. But couple that with a mottled tone, and you double the drab factor. Researchers published a systematic review of clinical studies that used natural products to treat dark spots on the skin. Products with certain natural ingredients may help treat dark spots on the skin. Prescription-lightening cream works by bleaching the skin. All rights reserved. Diabetes can cause areas of the skin to become darker. Here's everything you need to know. Skin-Care-Health.org (the "site") is not intended to replace the advice of a Dermatologist or other Health Professional and does not provide medical advice, a diagnosis or treatment. Dip a cotton swab in the solution and apply it to the affected areas. The effectiveness of treatment may depend on the cause of the dark spots and their extent. Dark spots can develop after a bout of inflammation on the skin. The darker the skin cell, the more energy it absorbs, killing that particular cell. The spots are the same texture as the skin and are not painful. Many fade creams and lotions for lightening age spots are available in department stores, in drugstores and on the internet. Dermatologists have several options to treat and remove dark spots on skin. But if spots and speckling truly bug you, we're here to help. Robert Anolik, a clinical assistant professor at NYU specializing in laser surgery and cosmetic dermatology, reaches for his Q-switched Ruby laser when targeting brown spots on lighter skin tones, and the more conservative Nd: YAG when zapping deeper complexions, which tend to be more heat-sensitive. During microdermabrasion, a dermatologist uses a special device that has an abrasive surface to... Chemical peels. Itchy bumps filled with clear fluid are usually blisters. "That pigment then migrates out into surrounding skin cells in an attempt to protect DNA from damage," explains Jennifer Linder, a Mohs skin-cancer surgeon and assistant clinical professor of dermatology at the University of California, San Francisco. The least aggressive tack for these conditions is usually a series of mild chemical peels. You can simply slice a potato in two halves, grate it, and then squeeze the juice. The contents of the site such as text, graphics, images and other material contained on the Skin Care Health Site ("Content") are for informational purposes only. For example, hormonal changes during pregnancy that may lead to melasma are not preventable. Dark spots on the skin may not completely fade. Hyperpigmentation. "For over the counter treatment options, this contains 2% hydroquinone, and is a great option for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation," says Dr. Melissa K. Levin of Entiere Dermatology in NYC. Creams and serums contain various ingredients, including retinol or alpha hydroxy acid, which may speed up the exfoliation of the skin and promote new skin growth. Dark spots; The cause of their appearance is not very clear but is believed that the reason is the sun exposure and the aging liver. "Treating them the same won’t lead to optimal results," says New York City board-certified dermatologist Dennis Gross. In addition to dermatological procedures and prescription medications, people may find that some home remedies might fade dark spots on the skin, as the following sections discuss. Anyone can develop dark spots on the skin. Rinse with lukewarm water and … They looked at several ingredients including niacinamide (a form of vitamin B-3), soy, licorice extracts, and mulberry. Pretty much any laser or peel docs use on your face can work just as well for freckly forearms or splotchy shoulders. Sure, there's the familiar litany of botanical brighteners like licorice root, arbutin, and soy; the more hardcore gold-standard chemicals like hydroquinone and retinoids (which not everyone tolerates well); our beloved cast of antioxidants, with vitamin C and green tea being the big stars; the gently exfoliating fruit enzymes and alpha hydroxy acids; and, of course, the almighty sunscreen, without which all other actives are essentially futile. It can be used for dark circles, uneven skin texture, and to treat dark spots on your face. "We can often achieve complete clearance in a single visit," Anolik says of using these tools. Some of them are common, while others are rare. Melanin gives the eyes, skin, and hair their color. Depending on the cause, people may call some types of dark spots on the skin age spots or sunspots. Many contain ingredients that can harm the skin or overall health, such as mercury or steroids. These may improve the appearance of age spots, depending on how dark the spots are and how often you apply the cream. Laser skin resurfacing is one of the best ways to address many of the most common skin concerns, including sunspots, age spots, wrinkles, rosacea, redness, acne scars and even acne itself. This article lists several conditions that may cause a…, © 2004-2020 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. Apply the juice onto the dark spots and leave it for at least more than an hour. While biologists at Brown University and in France are currently untangling the intricacies of these light detectors, one thing is clear: The skin's self-preservation mechanisms pale next to proper sunscreen, so use a broad-spectrum formula with a high SPF every day, applying generously and often. Allure may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers. The usual treatment that doctors might recommend for removing dark spot includes chemical peels, pulse light treatments, dermabrasion, or cryosurgery. Two to try: PCA Skin Intensive Brightening Treatment and Dermalogica Overnight Retinol Repair. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Lasers themselves are made to target the affected area and no where else on the face. To revisit this article, visit My Profile, then View saved stories. Doctors tread very lightly when addressing both hormonally charged melasma patches as well as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) — the marks that commonly follow zits, bug bites, burns — because anything remotely irksome, even a well-meaning laser, can ignite pigment rather than reduce it. The condition is more common in women, especially during pregnancy. Used daily, even when it’s raining or snowing outdoors, sunscreen can prevent further darkening. Wear a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses to protect the skin further. Dealing with dark marks and stubborn sun spots? The Differences Between Melasma and Typical Hyperpigmentation — and How to Treat Them. Acne scarring, waxing and over-exfoliation also add to the causes of creating these pesky dark spots on your flawless skin. Could telomere shortening protect against cancer? Procedures are more expensive than creams and are more likely to cause side effects, though they tend to work faster. According to Dr. Pruett, “Before I recommend any treatment for dark spots, I want to conduct a full skin exam and evaluation to ensure I’m offering the right solutions. Intense Pulsed Light (IPL), is a safe, effective in-office treatment requiring no anesthesia, which removes brown spots and patches from your skin by selectively targeting melanin and melanocytes, leaving the other cells in your skin untouched. Treatment for Dark Spots. Fist bumps all around, we say. Linder likes retinol serums for their ability to coax fresh, healthy skin to the surface while working to disperse melanin granules within the skin to break up dark spots, she says. However, when you buy something through our retail links, we may earn an affiliate commission. The most common culprits are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), tetracyclines, and psychotropic drugs. This article lists some ways to remove a cherry angioma. Murad's Post-Acne treatment is powered with hydoquinone, "a powerful skin-lightening ingredient used to reduce post-acne discoloration and dark spots," explains Dr. Sperling . Different types of lasers are available. Nitrous oxide may be used (instead of … "With the exception of the delicate neck and chest, body skin is typically more resilient than the face," says Linder. The light targets melanin and breaks up the dark spots. Examples include lemon and apple cider vinegar. That's why so many of us choose to just embrace dark spots, or simply slap on a tinted cream and call it a day. But in some instances, it might be hard to tell the difference between a dark spot and other skin changes, such as melanoma, which is a type of skin cancer. Pinpointing the underlying cause of dark spots is essential in treatment planning for these concerns. Cryotherapy. If you're bothered by spots of any kind, the very best thing you can do is see a dermatologist. Retinoids (creams derived from vitamin A): Retinoids are some of the most popular and effective treatments for reducing sun damage and dark spots. Dark spots on the skin are typically caused by hyperpigmentation, or the skin in that area forming excess melanin. "Your skin contains light-sensing proteins called opsins, similar to those found in the eyes," says Estee Williams, an assistant clinical professor of dermatology at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City. 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Spots or sunspots generally go for full-face products rather than spot treatments, dermabrasion, or hyperpigmentation or! Minimize the feeling during laser treatments used to be as precise as possible the. Stamp ) emits light that ’ s absorbed by dark skin cells move to the American Academy of,! Or steroids peels, pulse light laser and psychotropic drugs you 're bothered spots... Filled with clear fluid are usually blisters themselves are made to target the affected areas least more than an.!