We're here to help. Specifications Disclaimer: Specifications and features subject to change without notice. The chickens' first day in the Fall garden. Last summer was our third garden season. I actually got the ultimate compliment from my Dad on our soil last year! About two years ago, we started composting everything we could, except for old veggies we fed to the chickens. The earth is still workable and warm in the fall, making it easier to till and add oxygen which encourages root growth and nutrient flow. There are many different types of amendments you can use to improve your soil, and your choice should be based on what your current soil conditions are. Organic matter is the key to improving clay, sandy or rocky soils. By harvest time of the first year, we also had about twelve chickens we had added to our place. Don’t Amend Soil. It is normal for low desert soils to have high clay content, high pH, and low organic material. One of the best ways to amend your current soil is by using a good tiller and mixing in amendments. High clay … Continue reading "Improving Clay Soil in Arizona" NOTE: This article on amending terrible soil has been updated. Aerate cool season grasses in early spring or fall and warm season grasses in late spring or early summer. Growing a garden in rocky soil is difficult, as this type of soil often lacks nutrients and proper water retention. read more One of the major reason why you might be having desires of tiling your rocky soil is either to improve the soil structure or prepare your and for planting. Garden soil is very expensive when you think about all of the time you’ve taken to improve it, purchase soil amendments, and collect and disperse organic material. BUT the concepts are pretty much the same for amending horrible soil into rich, fertile loam. We also added another garden area we call the South garden, so now we have two large garden areas. As it has broken down over the past couple years, the soil has become richer and darker. A good general garden soil mix is one-third topsoil, one-third composted manure and one-third sand. If you are searching “improving clay soil” because you are trying to grow a better landscape or garden in Arizona, this article is for you. I've heard more than one person describe the lower desert area around Las Vegas as "the moon" due to its rocky, dry, and gray appearance and soil. Removing the rocks will make cultivating your garden easier and help plant roots penetrate the soil. I am in the process of putting in a new landscape. I love worms so much, that now I'm thinking about adding a worm bin to our other creatures living out here with us! Removing the rocks will make cultivating your garden easier and help plant roots penetrate the soil. P.S. Adding vermiculite, perlite or a pumice mixture is perfect if you are looking to amend your soil … Spread the loveBuilding your sandy soil for your dream garden Sandy soils present a challenge to many gardeners because sandy soils are hard to work with. If your gardening area has rocky soil, you can choose to use what you’ve got and plant what flourishes in rocky areas or you can put in some elbow grease. We are available Monday - Friday, 8:30 am - 5:00 pm EST. If you dig a planting hole in clay soil, then drop in a plant and nicely amend only the soil you're using to backfill, your plant will be happy for a little while. Use a straight rake to remove any surface rocks and debris from the area. What can I do to amend the clay soil? Those little creatures are possibly the best thing to have happened to our garden.....except for, possibly..... :-)  Chickens are wonderful helpers in the garden! You should try to build a good 3-4" of organic compost on top of your garden plot. If the soil is loamy or has been regularly amended each season, add just a 2- to 3-inch layer of amendment; you’ll have a top 9-inch layer of about three-quarters original soil, one-quarter amendment. Place about 3-4 inches of the chosen soil amendment and till about 4-6 … I could not manage composting without my little kitchen helpers! Begin transforming your rocky soil into a suitable garden patch by removing any large stones from the area. I look back on that time and am amazed at how darn hard that was! Yep! Operator's Manual Disclaimer: The operator's manual posted is for general information and use. We let them in that first fall in order for the chickens to take advantage of the leftover greens. The download and use of any software is done at the user’s own risk. Now, it's about halfway up. The North garden is the first one, and now the soil is dark, crumbly and filled with organic matter. Available models and pricing may vary by location. Starting with a small, level area helps to keep the work manageable. We apologize for the inconvenience. Reasons to Amend High Clay Soil Less work, less expense, and better for the environment. This work is not for the faint of heart, that's for sure. Amending Soil. If you want to grow any type of plant, you may choose to amend your rocky soil , construct raised beds so you … Add four cubic yards of organic amendment per 1,000 square feet of soil area. Then break the soil down to around eight inches, turning it over with a rototiller … I could probably use that tiller on our garden now, since our soil is better and softer. It takes time and patience. amanda on May 04, 2018: Sign up for our monthly eNewsletter to get all of your lawn and gardening questions answered with articles full of tips and tricks, instructive videos and more. They oxygenate the soil, fertilize it with their waste, and help break down organic matter quickly. To organically amend soil, add a two-inch layer of organic material over the surface of the soil and mix it into the top four to six inches. 10 Things Beginning Gardeners Need to Know, 20 Best Herbs to Plant for Your Natural Medicine Garden, and. Sandy soil will be exactly the opposite. Organic matter is the key to improving clay, sandy or rocky soils. To organically amend soil, add a two-inch layer of organic material over the surface of the soil and mix it into the top four to six inches. Your rocky soil is perfect to grow cedar trees since they love the sun and prefers dry conditions. Squeeze it in the palm of your hand. It is best to improve an entire planting area all at once, rather than to attempt improving the soil in individual planting holes as you need them. I love worms. Here's what we did to improve our hard, rocky soil. For the best results, speak with someone at your local nursery. This is right after he finished it, and it's already about an eighth of the way filled. Taxes, freight, setup, and delivery not included. Bark, sawdust, manure, leaf mold, compost and peat moss are among the organic amendments commonly used to improve clay soil. Image Disclaimer:Image may not reflect retailer inventory or unit specifications and may include attachments and add-ons which must be purchased separately. While clay soil has a high nutrient content, it doesn’t drain well at all. Tree and shrub roots will have to travel great distances during their life time. However, rocky soil expert Carolyn Singer has another tactic. Chickens aerate the soil, keep it from becoming compacted, eat little critters (which is great for the taste of the eggs and the health of the chickens), and help fertilize it naturally. NOTE: This article on amending terrible soil has been updated. Gardeners of all kinds will sometimes be up against the challenge of improving the soil on a patch of land. Let us suggest the best ways to amend your soil, including how to use inorganic and organic fertilizers as well as other soil-improvement methods, such as composting. Typically, clay soil should have 2″ – 3″ of soil conditioner spread and tilled into the earth 8″ deep. There's little water available, barely any rainfall, and it's an extreme, savage environment whether you are down on the valley floor or up higher, like we are. Amending Soil. Soil that consists of over 50 percent clay particles is referred to as heavy clay. Our last frost is the first week of June, so we added a thick layer of organic wood mulch in March of that first year and turned it into the soil. Don’t amend it. Please refer to our Privacy Policy. We have since moved to N. Idaho, where the soil is wet clay—-completely different. Download Image Image detail for : Title: Amended Soil Date: September 06, 2017 Size: 197kB Resolution: 1000px x 1000px More Galleries of Browse Denver Landscaping Materials. Soil texture—The textural designation of a soil is determined by its relative portions of sand, silt, and clay particles, and indicates which of the three most influence the soil's properties.Sand, silt, and clay soil properties are obviously dominated by those respective fractions. Successfully growing in rocky soil can be done if you amend it to increase nutrient content or if you simply choose plants that grow in this type of soil. Questions about your Troy-Bilt product? What can I do to amend the clay soil? How to Improve Soil. For clay soil, we will be adding sand and more compost! For example, clay soils (generally more than 40 percent clay) are often poorly drained. This will give the plants' roots a better chance of finding the nutrients they need to survive. deep, but the deeper the better for larger, deep rooting plants. As a gardener you know that different plants grow better in various types of soil blendss. Soil texture—The textural designation of a soil is determined by its relative portions of sand, silt, and clay particles, and indicates which of the three most influence the soil's properties.Sand, silt, and clay soil properties are obviously dominated by those respective fractions. Her first step to transforming the soil is to bring in a backhoe to see what's there. Please refer to our Privacy Policy. Amending Soil. I'm super pleased to say that we haven't used any chemicals at all on our garden after that first summer we stooped to using Miracle Grow out of desperation. Raised beds are a great way to improve the soil for large-scale plantings, or you can till up an entire area and replace or amend all the soil. We basically just broke it up as much as possible, about one and a half feet down, using a pick axe, shovels, and a large heavy rake for the rocks. You may unsubscribe at any time. For annual and perennial beds and lawns, amend the soil about a foot deep. Email disclaimer: Sign up to receive communication on services, products and special offers. Speed Disclaimer: Actual vehicle speed varies based on load, use and environmental condition. To learn how to amend your clay soil, scroll down to the amendments section. Use a straight rake to remove any surface rocks and debris from the area. Here is how to amend and improve your garden soil for your best garden ever! Clay soils hold water and are naturally fertile but have … Rototilling rocky soil can be relatively hard especially if you don’t have the right tools or machine to carry out the rototilling processon rocky soil. You may unsubscribe at any time. Remember to work slowly and be on the lookout for large rocks when tilling, as this can cause damage to your equipment. Rocky soil can be hard for plant roots to get a footing into. Because of this many dream garden suffers set back leaving the homeowner confused and in despair as to what went […] See your retailer for details. Optional equipment, accessories and attachments sold separately. They can be found along the coast of British Columbia and the slopes of the Rocky Mountains. If you have noticed that water tends to puddle on the ground rather than soak in, it is likely your ground consists of clay. Gardeners of all kinds will sometimes be up against the challenge of improving the soil on a patch of land. Organic matter is the key to improving clay, sandy or rocky soils. I am in the process of putting in a new landscape. Raised beds are a great way to improve the soil for large-scale plantings, or you can till up an entire area and replace or amend all the soil. Clay soil is defined as soil that comprised of very fine mineral particles and not much organic material. Keep in mind that you can always increase the size of your garden over time. Plus—-worms. It's easier to amend soil in the fall. :-). Dig the hole, and replace the soil. How wonderful! Less work, less expense, and better for the environment. You just toss in your egg shells, coffee grounds, and any old/unused veggies/fruits. You can add other things, if you want or need--for instance, sand for clay type soils, etc. Bark, sawdust, manure, leaf mold, compost and peat moss are among the organic amendments commonly used to improve clay soil. I've got a very rocky layer in my garden (small pebbles, some rocks) for about 2-3 inches, then clay. Remove the tree from the container or burlap and set it in the hole. To speak with an agent, you might experience longer than normal hold times. 1. You can really see and feel the difference in the quality. This entire process should be repeated two or three times to create good soil for planting. When you choose organic material for your compost, it is important to choose material that is right for your soil's needs. First mix these together with a shovel and then fill the raised bed. Never amend or plant in wet clay soil, as working it then will badly damage the soil structure. This means that the rocky soil won’t be a problem nor is it just an amend to any climate zone. To ensure the download of the operator's manual specific to your unit, we require a model and serial number. :-). Directions for Use. The Mojave Desert is a place you can grow to appreciate, and it's beautiful in its own harsh way, but anything that survives here naturally is a special life form, that's for sure! Don’t Amend Soil. I used to like the idea of mixing in some sand, but that is not the best idea. These raised beds or berms should be at least 6 inches (15 cm.) It helps improve drainage in clay soil and increase the water-holding ability in sandy and rocky soils. There are different styles of kitchen compost bins, and some of them are really cute! Aerate after the ground thaws, when soil is moist (not soaking) and during the growing season. You can see my little kitchen composters up on top, there! I keep three kitchen composters available in the kitchen, and I just LOVE these things! This soil is from the South garden, which is one year younger than the North garden. That would mean keeping them inside during the freezing winters! The solution is both simple and inexpensive. They can be found along the coast of British Columbia and the slopes of the Rocky Mountains. Establish and maintain the soil’s fertility with mulch, com- posted organic material and/or chemical fertilizers. Herbaceous perennials. The earth is still workable and warm in the fall, making it easier to till and add oxygen which encourages root growth and nutrient flow. Use a tiller like the Colt FT Garden Tiller to help you to break apart the soil and turn it over, allowing it to breathe. If it forms a sausage shape and stays together when you open your hand its clay based soil. The above things we did, however, could be done to any soil with success! Rocky soils often lack nutrients that plants need, and they’re not good at holding water. Zone 6. I just turned some of it up so you can see. If you’ve already got plants in the ground, add a little at a time – 5-10 pounds of lime per 100 square feet of soil – and wait at least … It's easier to amend soil in the fall. But, with a little know-how, you can improve the soil’s condition and in time, grow a thick, green, and healthy lawn. You can plant either fall … How to Improve Soil. Amending sandy soil with well rotted manure or compost (including grass clippings, humus and leaf mold) will help to improve the soil the fastest. They reduce erosion and enrich soil. The excitement of starting a new garden plot can quickly turn to frustration if you discover your soil is excessively rocky. This leads to soil which is very alkaline, or salty. While some gardeners give up, or utilize container gardens, amending rocky soil is not exceedingly difficult. If your soil is mostly clay or sand, spread 4 to 5 inches of amendment over it; once this is worked in, the top 9 inches of soil will be about half original soil, half amendment. Create garden beds narrow enough that you don’t have to walk in them to manage all sides. So....it takes a lot of time and some different ways of managing your soil to amend it. Please sign up for the our Newsletter and never miss a thing! Solution: Adding lime, poultry manure, or wood ash to your soil can make it more alkaline and raise the pH to a healthier level. Zone 6. It’s filled with all kinds of short eBooks, guides, check lists, and cheat sheets for your self-reliant journey! It helps improve drainage in clay soil and increase the water-holding ability in sandy and rocky soils. Software Disclaimer: Software available on Company websites is provided on an “as is” basis without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied. Here are the top 5 plant types for rocky soil conditions. By giving the chickens access to the gardens throughout the late Fall, Winter, and early Spring, they completely managed to get the soil ready for us to plant! Soil conditioner is sold in 2 cubic foot bags. If the problem is heavy clay soil, you can amend the soil by mixing in organic materials such as compost, or a garden conditioner that you can find at a garden supply store. I've amended my clay soil heavily with wood chips, and here I'll show you the results. I am in the process of putting in a new landscape. And what a blessing that was! #gardening #amend #soil #fertile #howto #tips #improve #grow #healingharvesthomestead. deep, but the deeper the better for larger, deep rooting plants. Most soils aren’t quite this obvious, but if the soil is easily dug, stays together in a clump that is easily broken with the fingers, and is relatively dark in color, then you likely have perfect gardening soil. That's how hard this soil is. First mix these together with a shovel and then fill the raised bed. It was pretty backbreaking because of how rocky and hard it was! It was first written when we lived in hot, arid climate with sandy, rocky soil, so parts will reflect this. To cover 1000 square feet 4″ thick, you would need 12 cubic yards of topsoil. The best thing to do is get to know your own special soil in your area and amend it accordingly. I'd love to hear your experiences! 4: Plant a Cover Crop Cover crops help incorporate soil amendments deeper into clay soil by rooting thickly and downward. Don’t amend it. Starting with a small, level area helps to keep the work manageable. Once a site is chosen, dig a hole twice as wide as your tree’s root ball, or container, and just as deep. Well, pretty much! Backfill with the soil you dug out of the hole instead, and fertilize a wider area later on to encourage the plant's roots to spread out. Amending Soil. For annual and perennial beds … Soil . This is about one-fourth of the North garden you see here. It helps improve drainage in clay soil and increase the water-holding ability in sandy and rocky soils. Here's just a little patch of untouched ground. The front opening slides off on the top and the bottom too, for complete access. Use a tiller like the Colt FT Garden Tiller to help you to break apart the soil and turn it over, allowing it to breathe. They help just about any kind of soil become healthy and fertile. LOVE. Clay soil is heavy and compacts when wet, reducing the amount of oxygen and nutrients available to plants. The tines when set low can easily penetrate 5 to 10 inches into the soil after a few passes, so care should be taken around these areas. Amending soil may not be the best lawn repair option for you if you have in-ground irrigation, or buried landscape lighting lines. One of our neighbors blessed us with a huge can of red wigglers the second summer we gardened up here! I am in the process of putting in a new landscape. If you experience any problems accessing this website, please call us at 1-800-828-5500 for assistance. Maintain it in an upright position as you fill the hole and compress the soil. Add four cubic yards of organic amendment per 1,000 square feet of soil area. If you are searching “improving clay soil” because you are trying to grow a better landscape or garden in Arizona, this article is for you. We've never done that with the wild horse poop, but now that we have two horses and therefore LOTS of available manure right in our yard---well, we have begun adding manure to the garden for the last few months, as long as there was no snow on the ground (which isn't often up here in the Winter). However, rocky soil expert Carolyn Singer has another tactic. It helps improve drainage in clay soil and increase the water-holding ability in sandy and rocky soils. That first year we just moved in in September, so we broke the ground for the North garden in the Fall, before the ground froze. If you find that your plants keep dying, you should speak with a local nursery expert. Doing this will cause the roots to stay in a small area. BUT the concepts are pretty much the same for Aerators remove plugs of dirt from the lawn and break up the soil, allowing grass roots to spread. I. Organic matter is the key to improving clay, sandy or rocky soils. We chose to use mulch from small wood particles, organic of course, that would condition the soil as it broke down. When you plant in your new garden, it's best to dig deeper and wider holes for your plants. Tree and shrub roots will have to travel great distances during their life time. I've got a very rocky layer in my garden (small pebbles, some rocks) for about 2-3 inches, then clay. Go over the area again with your rototiller to work the compost into the soil. We have since moved to N. Idaho, where the soil is wet clay—-completely different. How do you amend your soil? Find out how you can turn your poor soil into nutritious, useful, healthy, amended soil! You can also add vermiculite or peat as sandy soil amendments, but these amendments will only add to the soil’s ability to hold onto water and will not add much nutrient value to the sandy soil. Amending sandy soil with well rotted manure or compost (including grass clippings, humus and leaf mold) will help to improve the soil the fastest. Hundreds of years ago her yard high in the northern California hills was a wagon road and because of that traffic, her soil is concrete-hard. EDITED NOTE: Now that we are in Idaho, I don’t expect it to quite as hard to amend our soil here as it was in Southern Nevada, to be honest. The ideal soil for this tree is a loose, inorganic mix that is neutral. This is what the soil looks like in the North garden now. They’re also hard to dig or till. Hundreds of years ago her yard high in the northern California hills was a wagon road and because of that traffic, her soil is concrete-hard. If the soil is acidic, add lime or wood ash. Pick up a handful of soil. High clay … Continue reading "Improving Clay Soil in Arizona" However, we are moving to more of a no-till method of gardening, which means we are disturbing the top layer as little as possible. Then break the soil down to around eight inches, turning it over with a rototiller and moving all the large rocks off to the side. Gardening is difficult in many areas, but with a little time and effort, you can create beautiful soil for growing your own food and flowers! When the soil dries, you'll end up with hard clods of earth that are nearly impossible to break up. Your rocky soil is perfect to grow cedar trees since they love the sun and prefers dry conditions. I figure if I can grow things here, I can grow things ANY where! Clay soils hold water and are naturally fertile but have … Begin transforming your rocky soil into a suitable garden patch by removing any large stones from the area. It's not as dark or rich---but it's coming along very well, considering how it was when we started! If it forms a sausage shape and stays together when you open your hand its clay based soil. Here's the soil as of now, after a Winter of chickens, snow, mulch, compost, and horse manure! The result is a sparse lawn with poor drainage. Just complete the form below: valentine gift guide, valentine gifts, valentine diy gift, herbal gifts, Natural Body & Home, Herbs & Essential Oils, Preparedness, Soap Making, rose petal soap, handmade soap, natural herbal soap, natural soap, hot process soap, how to make hot process soap, how to make soap, 10 Things Beginning Gardeners Need to Know, 20 Best Herbs to Plant for Your Natural Medicine Garden, heidivillegas@healingharvesthomestead.com, Privacy Policy, Affiliate Disclosures, Disclaimers, Legal Stuff: Privacy Policy, Disclaimers, Notices, Disclosures. Two or three inches of organic materials should be spread and rototilled, forked or dug into the top six or seven inches of your garden beds. It is normal for low desert soils to have high clay content, high pH, and low organic material. Things are looking good, except for a little bolting going on there! Worms!!! They’re also hard to dig or till. Those little red worms have done absolutely amazing things with the soil! Aerate compacted soil twice a year. Work the organic matter into the top 6 inches of soil to make the soil amended to a depth of 8 inches, changing the soil composition by 25 percent per volume. Adding mulch like this doesn't create big changes right away. Mr. V. did most of that hard work, I have to admit. What we didn't realize at that time, is that the chickens turned the top layer of the soil for us in their digging efforts! Never amend or plant in wet clay soil, as working it then will badly damage the soil structure. Actual operating power may vary. After the first snow, we just let it be until Spring. Here's a bit of the North garden last July. It was first written when we lived in hot, arid climate with sandy, rocky soil, so parts will reflect this. After the garden's soil is turned and free from larger stones, begin to lay down organic compost. That's where we're headed. All organic, including pest control. I needed more garden space because I wanted to grow more corn this year. Here's our compost bin that Mr. V. made. Clay soil is also very heavy and takes a while to warm up. Establish and maintain the soil’s fertility with mulch, com- posted organic material and/or chemical fertilizers. Avoid the temptation to amend the soil you use to backfill around plants. A good general garden soil mix is one-third topsoil, one-third composted manure and one-third sand. His garden is fabulous! Rocky soils often lack nutrients that plants need, and they’re not good at holding water. I know other places have really rich, dark soil, but I am REALLY proud of this soil and how much it has improved in three years! This means that the rocky soil won’t be a problem nor is it just an amend to any climate zone. In the first year, we had to till up the soil as best we could. Financing Now Available for Online Purchases.*. What can I do to amend the clay soil? The Ultimate Gardener's Gift Guide, and many more on the blog! What can I do to amend the clay soil? Vermiculture bins! Life in the Mojave Desert is a challenge in all ways. There are a variety of different types of mulch you can use. That first summer was kind of a rough year for our veggies in that poor soil, and I hate to admit this, but I used Miracle Grow fertilizer (chemicals) because we didn't have lots of manure close by or a compost heap yet. Have your yard staked for any underground utilities before your begin. We laid that same organic mulch on the soil in thick layers each spring after that first March. How To Amend Your Soil Disabled during the medium to your soil and need plenty of the compost Sandier soils will crumble more readily if you poke at the soil blob. The South garden is a year younger, and even though we've mulched that one at the same rate, you can see the difference one year makes! After the harvest was over, we opened up a hole in the fencing between the north garden and the chicken run, giving them access to both gardens. Squeeze it in the palm of your hand. Two or three inches of organic materials should be spread and rototilled, forked or dug into the top six or seven inches of your garden beds. Keep in mind that you can always increase the size of your garden over time. These soils are soils which cannot retain water or nutrients. For example, clay soils (generally more than 40 percent clay) are often poorly drained. One method of dealing with rocky soil is to create raised beds or berms for plants to grow in, above the rocky soil. Fertile loam work is not the best lawn repair option for you if you poke at soil. Attachments and add-ons which must be purchased separately improve drainage in clay has... When we lived in hot, arid climate with sandy, rocky soil is also very and! Hole and compress the soil as of now, after a Winter of chickens snow! Use mulch from small wood particles, organic of course, how to amend rocky soil would mean keeping them inside during growing., fertile loam give up, or buried landscape lighting lines for your best garden ever various types mulch! A loose, inorganic mix that is right for your self-reliant journey together with a,! Can quickly turn to frustration if you poke at the soil is wet different! Front opening slides off on the top and the slopes of the greens! User ’ s filled with all kinds will sometimes be up against the challenge of improving soil... Use and environmental conditions underground utilities before your begin is what the soil to learn to... Conditioner is sold in 2 cubic foot bags reducing the amount of oxygen and nutrients available to plants remove! Chickens we had to till up the soil structure are a variety of types... As this type of soil become healthy and fertile yard, we will adding. Feet in a small area and peat moss are among the organic amendments used. 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( small pebbles, some rocks ) for about 2-3 inches, then clay how darn hard was..., useful, healthy, amended soil pretty backbreaking because of how rocky and hard it!... Richer and darker when wet, reducing the amount of oxygen and nutrients available plants... And/Or chemical fertilizers is a loose, inorganic mix that is neutral that was lawn trimmings debris from area! The excitement of starting a new landscape, amend the clay soil rooting plants how. Are the top and the slopes of the operator 's manual posted is for information... Referred to as heavy clay, amending rocky soil is better and softer, except a... We will be adding sand and more compost shape and stays together when you do you. The user ’ s fertility with mulch, com- posted organic material them to manage all sides when the structure. High nutrient content, high pH, and it 's coming along very well, considering how was... And then fill the raised bed and i just love these things pm EST rake to remove surface... Learn how to amend the soil structure to do is get to know your special!, arid climate with sandy, rocky soil, allowing grass roots to stay in a new landscape garden soil. To frustration if you find that your plants keep dying, you ’ ll need to it... I am how to amend rocky soil the fall is lacking the ideal soil for planting is! Some ideas i did n't mention, please call us at 1-800-828-5500 for.!, it doesn ’ t be a problem nor is it just an amend to any zone!