without the approval of the emperor. (c) ‘Bitikchi’. Normally, the state officers did not interfere in the affairs of the village. He was the emperor’s representative. 4. establish his control over provincial officers he acted very wisely and function was to maintain law and order in his province, to assist the The finance administration was heavily concentrated upon the collection of the revenues which were basically the loot of the war, the trade taxes, the annual tributes and the land revenues. reached twenty-one during the regime of Aurangzeb. Both the Provincial Administration: The Mughal Empire was divided into fifteen provinces or the subas. Sipah-Salar [The Governor]: The head of provincial administration was the governor, officialy called as Sipah-Salar. He possessed both civil and military authority. the information regarding the financial condition of the province to the rising power of the imperial Diwan. In the beginning there was one post of Chief Sadr at the centre but with the ADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH SURI PROVINCIAL ADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH SURI. Akbar – Provincial administration – 3. Each province was under the charge of Subedar (Governor). The empire was divided into provinces/subas, districts, parganahs, and towns and villages. These were Ahmednagar, Khandesh and Berar. They were Kabul, Lahore, Multan, Delhi, Agra, Allahabad, Oudh, Gujarat, Ajmer, Malwa, Bihar, Bengal, Khandesh, Berar, Ahmednagar. He was also in charge of Important officers of the province were: Subedar, Diwan, Bakshi, Waqa-i-Newis, Qazi and the Kotwal. religious education and distributed royal charities, but as Qazi he dispensed Desides the Nizam, the subedar, the Diwan, the Bakhshi, the Sadr, the Qazi, the He was given high mansab and big He was the representative of the Imperial Diwan. Sadrs. Under the rule of Akbar the kingdom was divided into 15 Subas to manage the administration without any problems. Efficient bureaucracy also assisted these provincial officers in the smooth Indian History, Mughal Rulers, Provincial Administration, Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers. Every city had also a Kotwal. In case he failed to discharge his duties properly, he was Provincial Administration Provincial administration was greatly improved under Akbar, and in this respect the Mughal period differs substantially from the sultanate. The mir bahr looked after bridges required for military use, port duties, customs, boat and ferry taxes, etc. Hi. Here, in cases of questions where multiple statements are hidden in a single question. Central Administration . 3. however, the post of Wakiyanavis was quite important because, in case of Akbar Collection of tributes from feudatory chiefs was also the duty of Subedar. looked after the provincial administration and helped the governor in the running of administration. These wee Allahabad, Agra, Awadh, Ajmer, Ahmedabad, Bihar, Bengal, Dilhi, Kabul, Lahore, Multan, Malwa. Thus, Kotwal was the most significant local officer during the Mughal Akbar’s greatest achievement, however was the creation of an entirely new administration that did away with the old iqta system used by Babur and Humayun. Before Akbar’s time, there were 12 units of administration. A number of villages have Pargana. Administration. image source: thebchmag.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/DSC_0505.jpg. Empire was an exact miniature of that of the central government.”. TOS4. 2. He also kept a close eye on the activities of antisocial Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers, Provincial In other words, the king’s powers were unlimited. Akbar set the firm base for the provincial administration by fixing the territories of the provincial units and establishing a uniform administrative model subjected to minor amendment to suit local circumstances. 2. The Iqta system had started outside India in Persia (Iran) region and in western Asia. Often discords emerged between the Subedar and the Wakiyanavis; action against the irresponsible Subedar. The provinces were divided into Sarkars (districts), parganas (Tehsils) and villages. He was the finance officer of the district. period. Every city had its own Qazi who administered justice to the people. The emperor was assisted by a team of ministers and officials for proper administration of the empire. The Kotwal was the most important of the local officers. Akbar's administrative policies were mentioned in Abul Fazl's book the Akbar Nama, particularly in its third and last volume, the Ain-i Akbari In the book Abul Fazl explained that the empire was divided into provinces known as Subas, governed by a Subadar.The Subadar carried out … I’m Creative Art Director, Web Designer, UI/UX Designer, Interaction Designer, Industrial Designer, Web Developer, Business Enthusiast, StartUp Enthusiast, Speaker, Writer and Photographer. In the beginning Akbar’s reign total number of subhas were 12 later on at the time of his death it were 15.During Shah Jahan ‘s time there were 19 subhas.During the Aurangzeb’s reign Mughal Empire had 21 subhas. :- This was a significant post. While the subedar looked after the military and the civil affairs, the diwan kept an account of the land revenues. Sarkar, the administration of a province “was an exact miniature of the Central Government.”, Dr. Ishwari Prasad calls ‘Suba’ as a “replica of the empire in every respect.”. During Jahangir’s time, the number rose to 17 and Shah Jahan’s time it increased to 22. टिप्पणी: केवल इस ब्लॉग का सदस्य टिप्पणी भेज सकता है. In the words of most of the high officers, forbidden things are done. The Akbar administration was divided into Central and Provincial administration. contingent. The administration of the provinces was controlled by the Governors, also known as Naib, Wali of Mukti. works. Provincial Administration: Akbar divided his empire into fifteen provinces. :- He was the second significant officer of the provinces whose posting Although his status was not equal to that of a subedar, he reported directly to the centre. The Diwan often enjoyed better rank and high Akbar is known for his most efficient Mansabdari system. was made by the imperial Diwan with the consultation of the emperor. (b) ‘Amal Guzar’. Generally, the post of Sadr and Qazi was divided his empire into fifteen provinces for the sake of convenience which Administration of the Mughal Rulers, As the Inspired to make things looks better. Provincial Administration of Mughal Empire The Empire under the Mughals was divided into provinces which were known as Subhas. The Mughal administration was the most organised and long lasting and has even carried on to to the modern times. The The boundaries of the provincial units were more definitely fixed; and a uniform administrative pattern, with minor modifications to suit local conditions, was developed for all parts of the empire. Appointment, Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Though the Mughal emperors kept the ultimate authority in their hands, the actual business of state was entrusted to various officers who were directly accountable to … He assisted the ‘Amal Guzar’ in his work. But the administrative establishment of Iqta was by I… went on increasing during the reign of his successors. There were similar departments in the province under a governor who was appointed by the emperor. Sadr who finally awarded the grants. Provincial Administration. The Diwan was incharge of revenue administration. If you report them truly the officers will be disgraced. He recorded all the events of the provinces and submitted his reports to the centre. Central Administration The emperor was assisted by a team of ministers and officials for proper administration of the empire. In each suba or province there was a Subedar, a Diwan, a Bakshi, a Sadar, a Qazi, a Kotwal, a Mir Bahr and Waqa-i-Nawis. The provincial ad­ministration developed by Akbar was based on the principles of 'uniformity' and 'check and balance'. expenditure of the empire was also his duty. Describe the process of manuscript production in the Mughal court. In the time of Akbar’s successors he began to be called Nazim. Do you agree? At the time of his appointment he was given the following advice by the central administration. The Akbar administration was divided into Central and Provincial administration. मुगल साम्राज्य के पतन / पतन का कारण (Cause of the Downfall/Decline of the Mughal Empire). His recommendations for awards and grants to cases within the province but he was not empowered to award death punishments During Jahangir’s time, the number rose to 17 and Shah Jahan’s time it increased to 22. Hence, neither of Akbar was a diplomatic ruler, and in order to A governor or the subedar was in charge of the province. I’m CEO/Founder of ThemeXpose. :- The Subedar was in charge of provincial administration and had powers like (a) ‘Faujdar’ He was the executive and military head of the Sarkar. The Mughal administration comprised two self sustaining and parallel systems of administration i.e. given to one person at provincial level and he had to work under the subordinationof Tebet Barat Dalam IX No. The post of Kotwal in the province He was essentially a police officer who maintained peace and order in the city. His chief He settled civil cases and sent The administration of a village was left in the hands of the village Panchayat. Akbar made significant changes in the legal status of … The first Iqta in India– The region of Hansi (Haryana) given by Muhammad Gauri to Kutubuddin Aibak in the form of an Ikta was the first Iqta. smooth running of the provincial government. Akbar divided his empire into fifteen provinces for the sake of convenience which went on … There was no definite tenure of their office and no definite rule of promotion. established a balance of power between Subedars and Diwans. According to J.N. Later on three more added after the conquest of Deccan. These were: Agra, Ahmedabad, Ahmednagar, Ajmer, Allahabad, Awadh, Bengal, Berar, Bihar, Delhi, Kabul, Khandar, Lahore, Malwa and Multan. Sher Shah did not make many administrative changes in the system prevailing since the Sultanate period. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. The muhtasib was the censor of public morals. The Subedar or Governor was the head of the provincial administration. Akbar used the term ‘Suba’ and with the conquest of some areas in the Deccan, the number of provinces rose to 15. those of king in the central administration. Even his presence in the province set “Report the truth, lest the Emperor should learn the facts from another source and punish you. and his duties as municipal commissioner helped a lot in the smooth functioning ), Black–hole Tragedy/ black hole tragedy/ black hole tradgy, Cause of Maratha Defeat in the Battle of Panipat, Cause of the downfall of the Marathas Empire / Explain the cause of the downfall of the Maratha Power / rise and fall of maratha power / fall of Maratha power, Condition of India in 1798 / Condition of India / 1798, Deposition of Mir Jafar / Removal of Mir Jafar, First Anglo-Maratha War / first maratha war / anglo maratha war, First Anglo-Mysore War / first mysore war, Fourth Mysore War / Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, Hyder Ali / founder of Mysore / 1st Sultane of Mysore, Judicial Reforms of Cornwallis / Cornwallis judicial Reforms / Reforms of Cornwallis, Lord Cornwallis / Cornwallis / Governor General of India, Lord Wellesley / Wellesley / Governor General of India, Mahadji Scindia / Mahadji Scindhia / Mahadji Schindhia, Merits & Demerits of Permanent Settlement of Bengal / Permanent Settlement of Bengal, Raja Ram Mohan Roy / Raja Ram Mohan Roy – Social & Religious Reforms / Social & Religious Reforms of Raja Ram Mohan Roy / Reforms of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Reforms of Cornwallis / Cornwallis Reforms, Second Anglo-Mysore War / Second Mysore War, Tabaqat-i-Nasiri / Tabaqat-E-Nasiri / MEDIEVAL HISTORY, Third Battle of Panipat / Battle of Panipat / Third battle of panipat was fought between, Third Myosre War / Third Anglo Myosre War, Warren Hastings / First Governor General of India. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers, Administration of India under the Bahmani Kingdom | Indian History, Important Features of Akbar’s Administration, Provincial Administration in Ancient India, Satavahana Dynasty: Rulers, Administration, Society and Economic Conditions, Inland and Foreign Trade during the Mughal Period, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. Kotwal and the Waqianavis were the significant officers in the province. the scholars and learned men at the provincial level were forwarded to chief Divided his entire empire into 12 states, but in the last time of the reign, the conquest of … Merits & Demerits of Permanent Settlement of Bengal  Merits. administration of the Mughals was just like the central administration. The provincial administration was organised on the model of central administration. Besides responsibility. central government every month. Each province had a set of officials representing the branches of state activity, which made control over provinces more effective. Mughal empire was quite vast, it was divided into several provinces. Akbar’s reign was commended for having robust personnel management, financial management, provincial administration, and a secular rule; However, it was not devoid of loopholes. ADVERTISEMENTS: In the Mughal system of administration as introduced by Akbar the Badsah or the emperor was at the head of the administration. To enhance agriculture and to look after the income and also looked after the construction of roads, schools, hospitals, sarais, If you do not, you yourself will be undone…In every matter write the truth but avoid offending the nobles. Subedar and the Diwan kept Zealous and strict watch over each other. Provincial Administration: Akbar divided his vast empire into fifteen (15) Subas or provinces. governor of the province was officially known as Nizam but he was popularly law and order in the city but also looked after the cleanliness and public penalized. The features of this system are as follows: 1. His powers were controlled to some extent promotion and dismissal of the provincial employees were also his Atom Their names and functions are as follows: Wazir Dewan: He was the head of the revenue department. Related posts: Provincial and Local Administration during […] As he had to deal with the rebels and dacoits, he used to maintain a big They were all appointed by … He not only maintained earliest convenience. It was encountered by many defects in the later Mughal era due to inefficiency of the later rulers and the corruption of the officials. Ans: Process of manuscript production in the Mughal court included the following: (a) Paper-maker’s responsibility was to prepare the folios of the manuscript. His essential duties were to maintain order and to execute the royal orders. Provincial and Local Administration The Mughal empire was divided into twelve subas or provinces by Akbar in 1582. NCERT Solutions For Class 12 History Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED. First of all, Akbar presented a new and detailed basis for the provincial administration. mansab in comparison to Subedar. the two could dare revolt against the emperor. The provincial buyutat was the keeper of government property and official trustee. passage of time and extension of empire, Akbar created the posts of provincial the above significant officers there were some other important officers who His chief aim in the creation of these posts was to put a check on the Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Rights and duties of the provincial officials were dis­tributed in a way which pre­vented the misuse of offices and promoted interdependence among various officials. Justify. ( Known by different names from time to time, he was the head of a suba. of the administration. Akbar – Central administration – 2 The Central Ministers: In order to advise and assist the emperor in administrative work there was a body of ministers. The Diwan His primary duty was to look after the organisation of the army of the province. by the financial powers of t he provincial Diwan. justice to the provincial public. His chief duties were to maintain peace and order and to enforce the orders of the higher authorities. maladministration, it was his duty to inform the imperial government for taking For administrative convenience and efficiency the vast Mughal Empire was divided into Provinces. Though he had unlimited power the emperor used to give due consideration to the wishes and advice of those who were near ones to him. ‘Shiqdar’-a military officer; ‘Amil’ the finance officer’ ‘Fotadar’ the treasurer; and ‘Qanugo’, head of the village and ‘Patwaris’ were the important officers in the Pargana. bridges and performed duties for the welfare of the people. Normally both these officers worked in perfect the provinces and discharged their duties efficiently. Almost all the heads of the departments were appointed by the ‘Subadar’ (governor) of the provinces. He KARACHI: Navid Ahmed Shaikh, a BPS-21 officer of the Pakistan Administrative Services, and Laeeq Ahmed, a BPS-20 officer of the Secretariat Group, were on … AKBAR & AKBAR Law Office 1 Jl. Describe the Mughal Administration under the following headlines: (a) Position of the Monarch (b) Main Departments of Government Answer: (a) Humayun and Akbar belived that “royalty is a light emanating from God, a ray from the sun.” The Mughal state was a “centralized autocracy”. Content Guidelines 2. Privacy Policy3. Provincial Administration in Sultanate Period For the smooth running of administration the Sultanate of Delhi was divided into several provinces known as Iqtas. Write after carefully verifying your statement.”. N. Sarkar observes, “The administrative agency in the provinces of the Mughal Number of provinces: Before Akbar’s time, there were 12 units of administration. The Provincial Administration . 15 marks (200 words) Approach. Each village is under the charge of the Shidar who looks after the law and order and the Amir who look after the collection of land revenue. WHY DID MARATHAS LOSE THE THIRD BATTLE OF PANIPAT. jagirs for the maintenance of his Prize position in the province. Your work is delicate; both sides have to be served. Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers As the Mughal empire was quite vast, it was divided into several provinces. :- elements. He was assisted by a ‘Diwan’ who looked after the revenue records. टिप्पणियाँ भेजें central and provincial administration. 21 Jakarta 12810 Phone/Fax : (021) 8300248 E-mail : tadillaw@yahoo.com LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA NUMBER 32, YEAR 2004 CONCERNING REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION BY THE GRACE OF THE ALMIGHTY GOD harmony as the powers of the two were complementary to each other. Akbar held meetings with his ministers and senior officials in Diwan-i-Khas. Muslims and asked them to follow the canons of Islam. was not subordinate to the Subedar. Sir J. I’m Designer of Blog Magic. 2. Generally speaking Subedars were appointed from royal families. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! military power. :- everything right and government officers dared not neglect their duties. He was appointed by the Central Bakshi in accordance with the advice of the emperor. His chief duty was to send regular reports to the governor regarding the position of the province at his Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The first time was in 1580 AD by Akbar . Akbar - Akbar - Administrative reform: Previous Indian governments had been weakened by two disintegrating tendencies characteristic of premodern states—one of armies being split up into the private forces of individual commanders and the other of provincial governors becoming hereditary local rulers. After some time, the territory of Uchchh (Sindh) given toNaseeruddin Kubacha as an Iqta by Muhammad Gauri. called Subedar or Sipahsalar who held his court at the capital of the province. The Subedar’s court was the highest court of appeal in criminal collection of revenue and to execute the imperial farmans sent to him. responsibility. revenue and other taxes which he could do with the help of Subedar as he had no The number of provinces Chief Sadr and Chief Qazi. Safety of roads and inspection of weights and measures was also his His chief function was the collection of As Sadr he looked after the activities of the The reason for this stability was the long lasting more than 3 centuries rule of the Mughal sultanat. Akbar used the term ‘Suba’ and with the conquest of some areas in the Deccan, the number of provinces rose to 15. The provincial Daroga-i-Dak-Chauki and Mir Bahr also worked in some of 1. Even his presence in the time of Akbar ’ s powers were.... 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